Thursday, August 4, 2016


Last month, on 28 July 2016 was World Hepatitis Day.  To commemorate and 'revive' people awareness, and also to inform where we stand right now regarding the hepatitis issue, WHO published an infographic which contains information and data on the current hepatitis.

Hepatitis Infographics
Source: WHO

As written on WHO website dated 25 July 2016 - WHO urges countries to take rapid action to improve knowledge about hepatitis, and to increase access to testing and treatment services.  Today, only 1 in 20 people with the disease is being treated.  “The world has ignored hepatitis at its peril,” said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General.  “It is time to mobilize a global response to hepatitis on the scale similar to that generated to fight other like HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.”

What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain drugs), and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis.

Hepatitis may occur without symptoms, but can lead to jaundice (a yellow discoloration of the skinmucous membranes, and conjunctiva of the eyes), poor appetite, and fatigue. Depending on the cause, hepatitis can manifest either as an acute or as a chronic disease.

There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. These 5 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread.

Signs and symptoms

Hepatitis has a broad spectrum of presentations that range from a complete lack of symptoms to severe liver failure.  The acute form of hepatitis, generally caused by viral infection, is characterized by constitutional symptoms that are typically self-limiting. Chronic hepatitis presents similarly, but can manifest signs and symptoms specific to liver dysfunction with long-standing inflammation and damage to the organ. 

If symptoms do develop, they can include:


The purpose of screening for viral hepatitis is to identify people who infected with the disease as early as possible.  This allows for early treatment, which can prevent disease progression, and decreases transmission to others. 

More about Hepatitis...

You could check out WHO Q&A about Hepatitis and others related to Hepatitis here

WHO also provides fact sheets about each type of Hepatitis;

To challenge your knowledge about Hepatitis, you could try this quiz. WHO also provide the printable one here

For further information, you also could check out the links on the source below.


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